By John H. Hann
While Spanish and French explorers first landed in Florida early within the sixteenth century, Timucua audio system occupied extra land zone and have been extra quite a few than the other aboriginal workforce. this is often their first unique historical past, a huge research that locations its writer within the leading edge of Spanish colonial historians operating within the usa. The Timucua are the single local humans of Florida whose language survives in literature in adequate caliber and volume to allow major research. counting on formerly unused files, this account of the Timucua strains their adventure from first touch with Europeans to their exile to Cuba in 1763 and their ultimate eradication. starting with the query in their quantity and their destinations in northern Florida and southern Georgia, John Hann examines the Timucua's contacts with a variety of eu teams, beginning with Ponce de Le?n's excursion. He contains a distinctive presentation in their event less than the venture regimes, and covers such themes because the Europeans' descriptions of the folk, their language, tradition, and political buildings, the derivation in their language, and the meanings in their placenames and titles. He additionally resolves confusion over the level of the territory of a Timucua subgroup often called the Mocama, and discusses different Florida local peoples who moved into Timucua territory as refugees in the course of the first 1/2 the 18th century.
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Additional resources for A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions (Ripley P. Bullen Series)
Deagan (1978:111) observed that the Acuera "probably occupied the area between the Oklawaha and St. " Although Deagan remarked that the extent of the Acuera's horticulture remains unknown, de Soto was told that Acuera had plenty of maize (Milanich and Hudson 1993:72). He twice sent soldiers to Acuera from his base camp at Ocale to Page 13 gather provisions (Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés 1851:1,550). Avino, believed to be another name for Acuera, was mentioned early in the seventeenth century as a good agricultural region (Oré 1936:126; Swanton 1922:323).
Only the provinces of the Saturiwa, Freshwater, Acuera, Tacatacuru, Potano, Ocale, and Utina have been investigated sufficiently to permit identification of their late prehistoric and early historic material culture. The Saturiwa, Freshwater, and Acuera belong to the St. Johns cultural tradition. Chalky paste with sponge spicules and check-stamping, when decorated, characterize its ceramics. Burial mounds and shell middens are characteristic. Their coastal shell heaps, composed mainly of oysters, are among the largest such middens in the United States.
Jeffrey M. Mitchem shed light on the border between Safety Harbor culture and that of the Alachua tradition. I am grateful for the encouragement and support I have received from George Percy and John Girvin, director and assistant director, respectively, of the Florida Division of Historical Resources, and from Jim Miller, chief of the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research. I thank Charles Poe for his work on the book's maps and Jean Wilson for her dedication in performing the arduous task of preparing a clean computer copy from a very imperfect laser-scanned version of the typescript, to which accents and italics had to be added.
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